> Kalau negara eropa barat mayoritas menganut aliran pro sosialis,
> siapa yg. kapitalis (selain US)?

pertanyaan yang menarik dan bisa dikaitkan dengan Indonesia, harus
buka banyak buku sejarah untuk berdiskusi masalah ini.

dari buku “Indonesian Socialism” by Soetan Sjahrir 1956:

8. Even where socialist are not in power, there are indications of
a transitional situation developing.

Liberal Capitalism is being replaced by a mixed economy with state
interference: and there is also collective property.

In those countries, planning is considered a necessity. Social
Security , a free trade-union movement, industrial democrasy, -all
these are spreading everywhere
Kalau bung Sjahrir pada 1956 menulis tentang “mixed economy” ,
kelihatanya cocok pula dengan pendapat Wikipedia di
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mixed_economy :
“The U.S. is considered a mixed economy.

Which economies are mixed?

Private investment, freedom to buy, sell, and profit, combined with
economic planning by the state, including significant regulations
(e.g. wage or price controls), taxes, tariffs, and state-directed
investment.There is not a consensus on which economies are
capitalist, socialist, or mixed. It may be argued that the historical
tendency of power holders in all times and places to limit the
activities of market actors combined with the natural impossibility
of monitoring and constraining all market actors has resulted in the
fact that, as we understand a “mixed economy” being a combination of
governmental enterprise and free-enterprise, nearly every economy to
develop in human history meets this definition.

Tambah menarik lagi nich dalam kaitanya dengan Indonesia, dari
referensi majalah ASIA (Ameriacn Magazine On The Orient) terbitan May
1923 (yes…1923) :

…The actual economic policy of the colonial government can be
characterized in its principle by the words “free trade and free
business”, in so fas as they are possible.

Since 1850 the foreign flag has received equal treatment with the
Dutch flag in the harbors of the colony, provided that reciprocity is
granted. A Preferential tariff of import duties favoring imports from
Holland was abolished in 1872, so that foreign trade was put on
absolutely requal footing with Dutch trade.


Special measures have been in preparation for some years to encourage
the development of several branches of industry. Water-power, coal
and liquid fuel are at hand; iron ore, tin and other valuable
minerals are to be found in the island; and all kinds of raw
materials are available for transformation into commodities ready for
consumption. Enormous amounts of capital of dutch, british, german,
french, american and scandinavian origin have been invested in
several kinds of enterprises in the archipelago during the past fity


komentar: sementara AS (dan sebagian eropa barat menerapkan mixed-
economy [mixing antara sosialis/capitalist]), Indonesia dibawah
Belanda sejak jaman kolonial menerapkan 100% sistem kapitalisme
perdagangan bebas dan jadi sapi perahan negara2 kapitalis/mixed
economy tsb.

Tahun 1942 Jepang masuk Belanda keluar, sistem ini berhenti sementara
sampai nanti 1968 Pak Harto memulai lagi sistem kapitalisme modern
ini (yang merupakan lanjutan dari kapitalisme-colonial Belanda)
setelah high-level conspiracy dengan Rockefeller dan pengusaha AS
lainya (Ada dibukunya ‘Shadow of Revolution’nyaChanhills, wartawan
BBC yang meliput Indonesia dikala itu–sempat diquote di youtube
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdgMlXoQMbY ) dilanjuti sampai SBY

Very very interesting kenapa pemimpin Indonesia kita pada 1945 – 1965
benci sekali dengan kapitalisme dan sosialisme/nasionalisme yang