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Siapa yang tidak kenal George McT.Kahin tentu tidak bakal tahu apa isi dari bukunya yang terkenal “Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia (diterbitkan oleh Cornell University Press pada tahun 1949).  Sebenarnya banyak buku lain yang ditulis Prof Dr Kahin ini. Salah satunya : Southeast Asia, A  testament of George McT Kahin (diterbitkan oleh Routledge Curzon tahun 2003). Kahin pada pertengahan tahun 1948 sampai pertengahan tahun 1949 berada di Indonesia. Tugasnya adalah meneliti Revolusi Indonesia berkaitan dengan disertasi doktornya selaku mahasiswa Cornell saat itu. Namun disamping tugas akademi, Kahin juga bekerja sebagai wartawan dari Overseas News Agency (ONA). Yang menarik pada tanggal 19 Desember 1948 dirinya justru berada dikota Yogyakarta saat tentara Belanda menyerang Maguwo dan masuk kota pada siang harinya. Kahin tinggal di jalan Terban Taman Yogyakarta, tidak jauh dari rumah Konsul India Mohamad Junus dan juga dekat tempat tinggal H.Agus Salim. Bersama beberapa teman, dirinya ditawan dan pada hari itu juga dibawa ke Semarang. Setelah pemeriksaan intel beberapa jam yang melelahkan, Kahin bersama sejumlah orang asing non Belanda lainnya dibawa ke Batavia (Jakarta). Tapi yang hebat setelah berbagai pengurusan berbelit-beli, tanggal 7 Januari 1949, Kahin bisa kembali ke Yogya yang kini merupakan daerah pendudukan Belanda. Dengan pengawasan ketat dirinya diizinkan tinggal di Grand Hotel jalan Malioboro Yogyakarta (sekarang Hotel Garuda). Dan pada tanggal 9 Januari 1949 ketika sedang menulis, pada jam 10 malam, terdengarlah rentetan senjata otomatia dan dentuman mortir. Tiba-tiba listrik dimatikan dengan tujuan menghindari korban dalam Hotel yang telah menjadi sasaran serangan tentara Republik. Pertempuranpun hebat ini terjadi disekitar jalan Malioboro yang baru tenang setelah jam 2 malam. Kahin pernah mendengar bahwa pada tanggal 29 Desember 1948 telah terjadi serangan yang sama dari gerilyawan Republik, namun khabarnya serangan tanggal 9 Januari 1949 jauh lebih besar. Keesokan harinya pada tanggal 10 Januari 1949, Kahin pagi hari berangkat dari Maguwo menuju Batavia.  Belakangan pada tanggal 16 Februari 1949, dalam kunjungan kepada wali Negara Pasundan, Wiranata Koesoemah di kota Bandung, Kahin sempat bercakap-cakap dengan dua orang perwira TNI putra Wiranata Koesoemah yaitu Male dan Achmad. Saat itu tiba-tiba datang seorang pemuda yang megnaku juga gerilya Republik. Dalam pertemuan ini, pemuda tersebut minta maaf, karena seyogyanya Kahin sudah tewas, karena malam itu dirinya berhasil memasang sejumlah dinamit dengan kekuatan besar persis dibawah kamar Kahin. Sayang tidak jadi diledakkan. Sebenarnya serangan kekota Yogya dalam masa pendudukan tentara Belanda setelah 19 Desember 1948 cukup banyak, diluar yang diceritakan diatas. Salah satunya adalah serangan Oemeom 1 Maret 1949 yang pernah dibuat film karya Usmar Ismail (1953), “Enam Jam di Yogya” atau film “Janur Kuning” karya Alam Rengga Surawidjaja (1979). Tapi yang perlu dipersoalkan apakah benar peristiwa itu terjadi pada tanggal 1 Marat 1949 ?. Dalam laporan Gubernur Militer III kepada Markas Besar Komando Djawa (MBKD), sebenarnya tanggal 1 Maret merupakan balasan serang Belanda terhadap para gerilya pada masing-masing Wehrkreise disekitar Yogya. Informasi ini bisa dibaca dalam buku “Dokumen RIPRESS dalam Perang Rakyat Semesta 1948-1949 (diterbitkan Balai Pustaka tahun 1994). Misalnya Kota Gede mengalami serangan pesawat udara (4 jager/pemburu dan 1 bomber). Sejumlah korban gugur. Yang dilaporkan juga, pada tanggal 28 Februari 1949 justru adalah serangan besar-besaran kedalam kota Yogya oleh gerilyawan Republik. Bahkan bukan hanya Yogya, tapi juga Bantul dan Kaliurang diserang. Dilaporkan dalam serangan besar-besaran ini 81 orang musuh gugur. Sempat dirampas 1 buah panser, 1 buah bren carier dan 2 buah truk. Di pihak Republik 9 orang gugur dan 14 orang luka. Yang hebat didalam kota sempat berkibar lama (setengah hari) Sang Merah Putih. Di Bantul 3 orang musuh gugur, 1 truk dihancurkan. Dan di Kaliurang 30 gudang mesiu dibakar. Jadi perlu diteliti ulang apakah Serangan Oemoem terjadi pada 1 Maret atau sehari sebelumnya yaitu 28 Februari 1949 ?. Supaya jangan terus-terusan jadi mitos lah.

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Nambahin cerita Pak Rusdy saja.

McKahin berada di Jogjakarta pada Aktie Militer Belanda kedua itu dan
kebetulan Kahin tinggal bersama Pak Hamid Algadri –salah satu member
PSI Sjahrir-  seperti yang ditulis dibukunya “Sjahrir : As stateman
and diplomat”.

Cuplikanya sebagai berikut:

I also lived with a scientist front Cornell University, who was
preparing his dissertation on “Nationalism and Revolution.” His name
was George Mc Tuman Kahin. He had been living in Yogyakarta since mid
August 1948 and as a correspondent of a foreign newspaper he also
possessed a press-card. But          being white, his appearance in
the interior once caused a misunderstanding          among our people.
In Kebumen he was once surrounded by the people,  although he was
accompanied by an Indonesian Aimy Officer. When he           showed
them the American flag, the people still looked at him with hate.
Later,          we learned that it was because the American flag with
its red white and blue colours, at a glance, resembled the Dutch flag.
It was neccessary for Kahin to          give an explanation. In his
broken Indonesian language, so he said: “1 am an American. The people
of America have also experienced a revolution, fighting
colonialism.”

So, on December 18 1848 at 23.30 hours, Dr. Beel, Deputy of the Dutch
Kingdom, sent a letter to the chairman of the KTN Merle Cochran, who
was in Jakarta. The contents of the letter was: ‘From this moment on,
the Dutch are not committed any more to Renville Agreement.” Cochran
who was immediately going to send a telegram to the members of the KTN
in Kaliurang, was prevented by the Dutch. At midnight, the Indonesian
delegation in Jakarta also received a letter          from Dr. Beel
about the decision. So the the second Dutch military aggression
started, this time directly attacking Jogjakarta . At dawn, December
19, 1948, Dutch Mitchell planes started to fire their rockets at
Maguwo Airport, followed by transport planes that dropped parachutist
trooçs. Maguwo was soon          occupied and they further marched
into Yogyakaita. hatta  who was in Kaliurang, immediately returned to
Yogyakarta and was met by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and fortunately
their car could escape the firing          from the enemy planes.
President Soekamo, Vice President Hatta, Sutan Sjahrir and some
Ministers were arrested in the Palace.

Meanwhile on December 18, 1948, an airplane of the Pacific Overseas
Airways, several days earlier succeeded in breaking through the
Dutch blockade and landed in Yogyakarta. According to plan, the plane
would leave Yogya on December 18, 1948 that very same night.
Several Ministers suggested to President Soekarno to go to India by
that plane. But President Soekamo was convinced that Nehru’s plane
would arrive at Maguwo on December 19. On the night of December 18,
the Pacific Overseas Airways plane left Yogyakarta, only a few hours
before the Dutch Mitchell planes bombarded Maguwo Airport.

Why did not Nehru’s plane arrive yet? In fact, the plane had already
landed          in Singapore, but was forbidden by the Dutch to fly
further to Yogya. The Dutch Government in Jakarta did not give
peumission for a landing. In the end the plane did not dare to break
the Dutch blockade, because it was constantly  watched ind fellowed.
It was said that the Dutch attack on Maguwo early in          the
morning of Decembcr 1948, was also meant to prevent Soekarno’s
departure for India, by aniving earlier than Nehru’s plane that was
to fetch President Soekamo.

On December 19, 1948, after the Dutch marine troops occupied Yogya,
Terban Taman, where the high officials of the Republic lived was
surrounded. the soldiers went into every house, after they first fired
shots, breaking rooftiles          and windowglasses. George Kahin,
Didi Djajadiningrat and I had to go out of the house and were ordered
to squat on the side on the street. I also saw Agus Salim, our
Minister of Foreign Affair, also squatting. The British pilot who was
with us          and was watching the dropping of the parachutist
troops since  morning, was very frightened and lost more and more his
self control. Perhaps he remembered his experienes in the air raids in
Europe. He was indeed an ex RAF pilot who had horrible experiences
which caused this trauma.

Seeing the bad treatment of the Dutch soldiers who ordered H. Agus
Salim and me to squat on the edge of the pavement, George Kahin
approached the Commander of the Dutch marine to protest. But Kahin’s
protests were ignored. He was even transported to Jakarta with some
other foreigners.